What are documents of origin?
As international trade continues to grow, the need for accurate and standardized documentation becomes increasingly important. One such document that plays a crucial role in international trade is the document of origin.
A document of origin is a legal declaration that specifies the country of origin of exported goods. The document describes the origin of the product, including its manufacture, production and assembly, and serves as a necessary proof of origin that satisfies customs officials. Without this document, companies can face delays, fines or even the confiscation of their goods.
Types of documents of origin
- Certificate of Origin (CVO).
A Certificate of Origin (CVO) is a specific type of origin document used in international trade to prove the origin of goods. The main purpose of a CVO is to verify the country from which exported goods originate. The document is often used when trading between countries that have concluded trade agreements or are part of customs unions.
- EUR.1 and EUR-MED certificate, invoice declaration
EUR.1 and EUR-MED certificates and invoice declarations are all documents used in the context of preferential rules of origin, especially in trade between countries participating in trade agreements. These documents are designed to prove that the goods being exported are of preferential origin, meaning they qualify for lower import duties or other trade benefits when imported into the importing country.
- Legalization signature
Legalization is a process used to ensure legal certainty. Sometimes your client asks for confirmation of the signer of an invoice or contract. This may be required by a government organization in your client's country.
- ATA carnet
An ATA carnet, also known as a "temporary import declaration" in some countries, is an international customs document used to allow temporary importation of goods into different countries without incurring import duties or other taxes. The purpose of an ATA carnet is to reduce red tape and make it easier for travelers or businesses to temporarily take goods abroad for certain purposes, such as exhibitions, trade fairs, professional equipment, etc.
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Frequently asked questions about documents of origin
How is an origin document different from other customs documents?
Unlike other customs documents, such as invoices or bills of lading, a document of origin focuses exclusively on the country of origin of the goods and its rules.
What is the difference between non-preferential and preferential documents of origin?
Non-preferential documents of origin are used to prove the origin of goods for non-preferential purposes, such as for statistics or government regulations. These documents are needed to prove from which country the goods originated.
In contrast, preferential origin documents are used under trade agreements and customs unions to take advantage of preferential tariffs or other trade benefits.
Are documents of origin required for all types of goods?
No, documents of origin are not required for all types of goods. Requirements for origin documents may vary depending on the type of product, its value and destination.
Can I change an origin document if a mistake has been made?
It is important to be very careful with origin documents and avoid errors. If an error is detected, it may be possible to correct it before submitting the document to customs or relevant authorities. However, the procedures for amending an origin document may vary depending on the country and specific trade rules.
How can I verify the authenticity of an origin document received?
Under DAP, the seller is responsible for clearing the goods for export. However, the buyer is responsible for clearing the goods upon arrival at the destination, as well as any import formalities and fees.